The Volgograd region is a favoured territory located at the confluence of the Great Russian Rivers of the Volga and the Don. Our region is of great import to global culture, historical heritage and natural bounty. People have been lived here since the Stone Age.
The capital of the region is the hero city Volgograd. The city name has been changed three times. It was founded in 1589 as the Tsaritsyn, border-guarding fortress to protect the southeast borders of Russia. In 1925, Tsaritsyn was renamed into Stalingrad and it’s known in the world as a symbol of fortitude, invincibility and unmatched bravery. The Great Stalingrad Battle resulted in fundamental change in the course of the World War II. In 1961, Stalingrad was renamed into the hero-city of Volgograd and the region was called the Volgograd region. Today, Volgograd is a modern industrial and cultural centre of the South of Russia.
The largest regional centres are Volzhsky, Kamyshin, Mikhailovka and Uryupinsk. The small towns and villages of the Volgograd region represent the local tradition and flavour of the real Russian province.
The Volgograd region is located in the southeast of the East-European plain between the Volga and the Don rivers.
Total surface area — 112 900 km2
Land border length — 2 221,9 km
The Volgograd region has a favourable geographical position — our region is the main gate to the South of Russia providing further access to Iran, Iraq, the Caucasus and Kazakhstan. The region borders the Saratov region, the Rostov region, the Voronezh region, the Kalmyk Republic (Russia) and Kazakhstan.
The distance between Volgograd and Moscow is 1 073 km.
Nature and climate, flora and fauna
Volgograd region has a continental climate with hot, dry summers and cold winters with little snow. Most of the region’s territory is located in the steppe zone. In the Northeast of the Volga region there are desert steppes (semi-deserts). The flora and fauna of the Volgograd region are rich and unique. In total, more than 4,000 plant species grow on the territory of the Volgograd Region, at least 20,000 invertebrates are found, 480 species of vertebrates live, including about 80 species of fish, about 25 species of amphibians and reptiles, at least 300 species of birds, about 80 species of mammals. On the territory of the region there are 24 key bird areas of international importance and 2 UNESCO biosphere reserves which are the Volga-Akhtuba Floodplain and the Lake Elton.
Within the boundaries of the Volgograd region, there’re 52 especially protected natural areas of regional significance which are 7 natural parks, 8 state natural reserves, 18 natural monuments, 1 protected landscape and 18 territories of particular value for preservation of flora and fauna, included in the Red Book of the Volgograd region.
The main transport communications of the region are part of the Eurasian transport corridor «North-South» and a branch of the Eurasian transport corridor «Transsib».
The federal highways that pass through the territory of the Volgograd region are:
• Federal highway P-22 «Caspian» automobile road M-4 «Don»: Tambov — Volgograd — Astrakhan;
• Federal highway A-260 «Volgograd — Kamensk-Shakhtinsky — border with Ukraine»;
• Federal highway Р228 Syzran — Saratov — Volgograd.
Railway transport is under the jurisdiction of the Volgograd branch of the Privolzhskaya railway of OJSC «Russian Railways».
The largest waterways of Russian European part, the Volga and the Don rivers, connected by the Volga-Don ship canal, determine the key position of the region in interregional and international water transit. Port cities are: Volgograd, Kalach-on-Don, Kamyshin, Volzhsky.
Volgograd International Airport is located in the north-west of the Dzerzhinsky District (Airport settlement), 21 km from the centre of Volgograd.
The Volgograd Region has a high natural resource potential. The region produces natural gas and oil and there are a large number of natural resources, including reserves of bischofite, potassium and magnesium salts, carbonate rock, sandstone, clay and sand, mineral waters.
The regional industry is represented by a multi-sector complex that consists of more than 490 large and medium size enterprises. The industrial sector employs approximately 23% of average number of the employed in the regional economy.
A number of industries in the Volgograd region have a powerful science and technology potential. The region has unique production facilities and large specialised enterprises with significant experience in international economic cooperation and well-established consumer markets.
The Volgograd region’s industry accounted for 32.9% of the region’s GRP in 2019 (first place in terms of share in the GRP structure).
Leading enterprises in the region are: JSC «Volzhsky Pipe Plant», JSC «VMK «Krasny Oktyabr», JSC «Volzhsky Orgsintez», JSC «Caustic», JSC «Volgogradneftemash», a branch of JSC «RUSAL URAL» in Volgograd, JSC «Federal Research and Production Centre «Titan- Barricades», LLC «LUKOIL-Volgogradneftepererabotka» and others.
Science and education
Favourable conditions were created in the Volgograd region in order to develop innovative activities and create an infrastructure for interregional and international technological mobility.
University science is the basis of scientific potential of the Volgograd region, as 90% of highly qualified personnel are concentrated in universities. There is a wide network of postgraduate studies, doctoral studies and dissertation councils. The training of scientific personnel is carried out in 82 scientific specialties.
The Volgograd region counts:
• 10 state universities,
• 10 branches of state universities,
• 3 licensed non-state universities,
• 4 branches of licensed non-state universities.
• 5 academic research institutes and departments of the Russian Academy of Sciences;
• More than 40 scientific institutions and science research centres, educational and research centres, design and technological institutes.
More than 14 000 certified specialists graduate from universities of the Volgograd region. The total number of all students in the region’s universities is more than 67 000.
The Volgograd region has a developed agricultural industry and it is one of the largest manufacturers of agricultural products in the Russian Federation. The region has powerful natural-climatic prospects that allow not only to satisfy internal demand, but also to have a significant impact on the formation of the agricultural consumer market in Russia. The Volgograd Region occupies the 10-th place in the country in terms of production of agricultural products, the specific weight of the region in gross production of agricultural products amounts to 2.7%.
Agriculture of the Volgograd region has significant potential: land and labour resources, sufficiently well-developed transportation infrastructure and proximity to international sales markets. The region takes the 3-rd place after Altai krai and the Orenburg region in terms of the agricultural lands’ size.
Structure of agricultural production in the Volgograd region: Livestock farming — 30%, crop farming — 70%.
The Volgograd region has all of the leverage for intensive cultural development. Cultural institutions’ network in Volgograd includes:
museums — 43 (1 federal with 2 branches, 4 regional with 2 branches, 34 municipal);
theatres —11 (5 regional, 6 municipal);
libraries — 723 (4 regional, 592 municipal, 127 other departments);
concert organisations — 7 (5 regional, 2 municipal);
culture and leisure facilities — 659;
municipal educational institutions of additional education ¬ 59;
municipal and commercial cinemas, cinema hall — 31;
parks — 5 municipal.
Tourism industry potential
Travel industry is one of the priority growth areas of the Volgograd region’s economy. Tourist resources of the Volgograd region provide an opportunity for the development of many types of tourism.
There are 12 types of tourism: cultural and educational, ecological, cruise, medical and recreational, event, auto tourism, children’s tourism, youth, business, scientific, industrial, rural and niche (rare) tourism in the Volgograd region.
Volgograd Region is a territory with a rich centuries-old history, a living history textbook. The capital of the Golden Horde was located here, a part of the Great Silk Road passed, during the Second World War it unfolded here the great battle, the Stalingrad Battle.
In the Volgograd region there are 7 natural parks: «Volga-Akhtuba Floodplain», «Donskoy», «Nizhnekhopersky», «Ust-Medveditsky», «Tsimlyanskie sands», «Shcherbakovsky» and «Eltonsky». The unique sights of the parks are known far beyond the region such as the salt lake Elton, the Stolbichi rocks, chalk mountains, the Don and the Khopyor rivers.
The Volgograd Region is one of the most sporting regions in Russia.
Volgograd athletes achieve brilliant victories in competitions at the highest level. The region is represented by approximately 200 athletes in Russian national teams every year.
Volgograd was the host city of the matches during the 2018 FIFA World Cup (4 games).
16 Olympic champions
23 Olympic gold medallists
1 Volgograd State Academy of Physical Culture
1 Sports training centre
79 organisations engaged in sports training, including:
1 Centre for the Development of Adaptive Sports
1 School of the Olympic Reserve.
The effective system for investments attraction and support for respective projects in the region will result in entry of the Volgograd region into the 30 top-ranking regions of the Russian Federation for doing business according to the doing business ranking of leading analytical agencies and development institutions. The Volgograd region is one of the most promising regions in terms of investment attractiveness.
Web site of the Volgograd region: https://investvolga. volgograd. ru/